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Министерство образования и науки РД


Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение

МБОУ гимназия № 37 г. Махачкала


Проект

на тему:

«Совершенствование системы образования в России »



Научный руководитель:

учитель английского языка

Мирзаханова Мирослана Миргамзаевна


Автор проекта:

ученица 9 «в» класса

Мирзаханова Етара Миргамзаевна


Махачкала 2014


Проект


«Совершенствование системы образования в России»

Обоснование проблемы: Проблемы совершенствования системы образования наиболее актуальны на сегодняшний день. Мы считаем необходимым создание инновационных школ с использованием всей современной техники, оснащенными кабинетами, онлайн системами обучения. Создание подобных школ не только повысить мотивацию к обучению, но и успеваемость учащихся.

Актуальность проблемы: Тема актуальна, так как создание инновационных школ и внедрение новых информационных технологий во многом облегчит жизнь современного школьника и выведет систему образования на новый уровень, так как темп современной жизни требует инноваций каждый день.

Цель проекта: предложить свои идеи по совершенствованию школьной образовательной системы в России, а также по созданию инновационной школы с учетом всех потребностей современного школьника.


Contents


  1. Introduction

  2. Educational system in Russia

  3. Innovative school project

  4. Conclusion



INTRODUCTION

Education is very important in our life. The quality of a country's future life, commercially; industrially and intellectually, depends on the quality of its educational system.


The education is also very important for the development of a person. With the help of education one gets knowledge about the surrounding world, is prepared for the life. An educated person is one who knows a lot about many things. He always tries to learn, find out, and discover more about the world around him. He gets knowledge at school, from books, magazines, from TV educational programs. The result of the educative process is the capacity for further education.

As for school, we can say that school has become inseparable part of our life. It is practically our second home. Most of our memories are closely connected with our school. Schools help to turn a little child into an educated clever person.

In our project we want to describe the system of school education in Russia, it’s problems and imperfections and give our image of innovative school. It is well known that Russian education has always been considered as the best over the world. But nowadays there is such a tendency in a modern society to send Russian children to study abroad. And the question arises: “Why does it so happen?” “Why is the education in Europe considered better than the education in Russia?” “What changes in the system of Russian education that has taken place recently created negative image of our state education?” That’s why we have decided to devote our project to this theme. We shall:


  • Investigate the system of education in Russia

  • Find out it’s advantages and disadvantages

  • Give our own ideas and suggestions

Educational system in Russia

Russians have always shown a great concern for education. The right to education is stated in the Constitution of the Russian Federation. It is ensured by compulsory secondary schools, vocational schools, and higher education establishments. It is also ensured by the development of extramural and evening courses and the system of state scholarships and grants.


Education in Russia is compulsory up to the 9th form inclusive. The stages of compulsory schooling in Russia are: primary education for ages 6-7 to 9-10 inclusive; secondary education including intermediate school for ages 10-11 to 12-13 inclusive, and senior school for ages 13-14 to 14-15 inclusive, If a pupil of a secondary school wishes to go on in higher education, he or she must stay at school for two more years. Primary and secondary school together comprise 11 years of study. Every school has a "core curriculum" of academic subjects, such as Russian, Literature, Mathematics, History, a foreign language and others. Lyceums and gymnasiums offer programs giving a profound knowledge in some fields of study.

After finishing the 9th form young people get the school-leaving certificate and they can go on to a vocational school which offers programs of academic subjects or a program of training in a technical field, or a profession. After finishing the 11th form of a secondary school, a lyceum or a gymnasium one can go on in higher education. All applicants must take competitive examinations.

Higher education institutions, that is, institutes or universities, offer a 5-year programme of academic subjects for undergraduates in a variety of fields, as well as a postgraduate course. All secondary schools, institutes and universities until recently have been funded by the state, now there is quite a number of private fee-paying primary and secondary schools; some universities have fee-paying departments.


Innovative school project

The educational system in Russia has it’s own advantages and disadvantages. I would like to speak about school reforms nowadays. Here are some burning problems, which concern school education in Russia and my suggestions how we all can solve them.

  1. I think there are a lot of basic subjects, which we study every year, so we have no spare time for our hobbies and interests. If I were the Headmistress of the Innovative school, I would reduce the number of basic subjects and include more interesting elective courses to my pupil’s likings. If some pupils liked to study Spanish language, for example, why not? I would invite the best teacher of Spanish for these children. I would let my parents to decide what their children should learn: the basics of Islam, Buddhism, Judaism or more general topics like worldwide religious cultures or secular ethics.




  1. As we know, all ninth graders have to pass an exam called the State Final Certification, or GIA, in order to continue on their education to the last two years of high school. I like this idea, but the only thing is that – if one passes this exam why he or she doesn’t have the right to enter the university after 9th form? I would recommend staying after the 9th form to those, who hasn’t decided their future profession yet. But if the pupil passed exams successfully he or she should have the right to enter the university without continuing 10 or 11th forms.



  1. How can we imagine the innovative school without well-educated and well- paid teachers? Great teachers understand the magic of learning, they respect and value their place in the process, and they thrive along with their students. We should provide such free programs, which allow our teachers to improve their skills abroad and to learn the experience of educational systems of those countries, which have more talented students. In our innovative school the best teachers and students enjoy their summer holidays on the Bahamas islands. What a wonderful idea, isn’t it?



  1. Pupils with excellent mark are offered a scholarship.


  1. Nowadays we live in information era, when information is the key and engine of progress. Practically everyone has a computer at home. Computers play a very important role in our life. They are used by people of all ages: from teens to professional businessmen. We can't imagine our modern school without using a computer. We can make projects, slide-shows and even films at our lessons with the help of computers. Pupils can use computers to prepare reports, to find information they need, to write compositions, to find new friends with the help of the Internet. In our innovative school all teachers have their own sites or blogs. Every pupil can send his or her home work by e-mail to his teacher.




  1. I would make 35 minutes long lessons and 10 minutes breaks. Our innovative school works 5 days in a week, except Saturday and Sunday.



  1. Our pupils don’t have to carry their heavy bags because they have i-pads and study by means of e-books. In our innovative school building we have: a good e- library with video and audio materials; a good canteen with plenty of tasty and healthy food and various menu; a good medical centre; a botanical garden and little zoo where biology lessons are held; dance studio; a conference hall where invite famous artists, politics and scientists to share their life experience with our pupils; we have the “rest room”, a swimming pool and big gym with football field. As you see we have all the facilities for the best education!



Conclusion

In our project we described the educational system in Russia and presented our ideas what should be in “modern, innovative school” where every pupil would like to study. The educational system has it’s own advantages and disadvantages. According to our project, no innovative school exists without innovative teachers. First of all, we should raise their salaries and provide for them more facilities so that they could go abroad to improve their skills or to learn the experience of other countries, which have more talented pupils. We can't imagine our modern school without using a computer. No heavy bags and books! All children use i-pads and electronic books. Children can choose those subjects and courses which they want.

Our innovative school is a big, modern building with a good e- library with video and audio materials; a good canteen with plenty of tasty and healthy food and various menu; a good medical centre; a botanical garden and little zoo where biology lessons are held; dance studio; a conference hall where famous artists, politics and scientists are invited to share their life experience with our pupils; we have the “rest room”, a swimming pool and big gym with football field.

I think that we need such kind of schools because technologies are developing very fast and we must use these ideas and help our children to become the most talented and smart.