|shkolakz.ru|| 1 ... 4 5 6 7 8
3. Applicability of analysis and recommendations for the Republic ofActive labor market policies have recently taken root in Macedonia, and currently have achieved only modest success. Thus, the author recommends that passive labor market policies continue, but that they stay closely tied to emerging active policies. The Privatization Agency, which is responsible for implementing active policies under the framework of the World Bank supported Project of Social Reform and Technical Assistance, should increase cooperation with the State Employment Bureau, which is mainly responsible for passive labor policies. In this way, the State Employment Bureau would have an opportunity to implement active policies, which they have not yet done. Bearing in mind that the World Bank project, under which these policies are being implemented, lasts through the end of 1999, both agencies should expand the program and seek to develop it so that it becomes self-sufficient. Local non-profit agencies would have to work closely with state labor offices and local employers, but as in the Czech Republic, local non-profit agencies would have the advantage of being able to carefully design their programs after assessing the community’s labor market needs. Collaboration with labor offices and local employers would give them the opportunity to develop a local database system, including information on job seekers and vacancies. Depending on the types of jobs available and the existing skills of the unemployed, these agencies could develop activities that would match the requirements of the local labor market. The agencies could also develop evaluation methodology for their programs, for which they could seek training from experienced international organizations. To increase interest in investment, the government should develop a national strategy to make Macedonia more visible in the international market. The advantages of the country’s natural and human resources, as well as its sound infrastructure, should be emphasized. This kind of information should be disseminated through agencies that specialize in international communication, as well as through diplomatic and consular posts around the world. Since Macedonia is small, with a small market and limited purchasing power, investment should focus on export-oriented businesses. According to a Commission of the European Union (PHARE) study on improving export capabilities, several components have particular export potential. In particular, those include: finished textiles, leather goods, shoes, lamb, fruits and vegetables, processed foods, wines, automotive accessories, vehicle and bus assembly, telecommunications equipment, electric motors, metal fabrications, steel piping, construction, and tobacco and cigarettes (Doing Business in Macedonia: Guide for Investors, 1996, p. 28). This classification shows that there are many investment possibilities, but the fact remains that some foreign investors do not feel comfortable doing business in Macedonia. They have reservations about whether the legislative framework provides a stable business climate, and feel uncomfortable with the region’s political instability.
<< предыдущая страница следующая страница >>