English-speaking countries.In 1776 the thirteen young American colonies united and began a war against England for freedom and independence, which was called The War of Independence. They won the victory and a new nation was born, which became the United States of America. July the 4th, 1776, is still celebrated as “the birthday” of the American nation, and is called Independence Day.
The leaders of the new state decided. They would for a republic which would have no king, but would have a president, who vas to be chosen every for years.
George Washington, who had led the Americans in the war, became the first president. He is now called “the Father of the United States”.
One by one new states were added to the first thirteen. Today the USA consists of 50 states. The capital is Washington.